|Source: PwC. Cover for the report.|
The report analyses growth opportunities across six key sectors – agriculture, health & education, manufacturing, retail, financial services and connectivity (transport & communication) – and highlights essential business capabilities that firms need to grow profitably in these markets.
According to PwC, growth markets should be considered mature and not volatile, and different markets follow distinctive growth paths towards stability and long-term prosperity. Despite recent stagnation in the pace of real GDP growth as a result of domestic and external factors – including domestic and foreign policy actions, falling global commodity prices, speculation around rising interest rates and unfortunate environmental disasters – growth markets will continue to register a rising share in global GDP growth in the next five years, reaching almost 65% by 20211.
To capitalise on existing growth opportunities, organisations need to better understand the shifts governing the market and operational landscape – in particular across these six key sectors, which are essential to achieving balanced economic and human development in the near future:
Sustaining growth in agriculture is of high importance to growth markets, for which the sector is a primary source of livelihood. A large majority of the global agricultural labour force (over 90%) still reside in developing countries2. Growth opportunities in agriculture spread across production, enabling farmers to be more efficient and to deliver higher yield, and consumption – addressing the ever-changing food and drink preferences of consumers.
Health & Education
Pushed by the need to cover large infrastructure and resource gaps, health expenditure is expected to grow by 10.7% annually in growth markets versus 3.7% in developed economies by 2022. The opportunity size for maturing markets is also supposed to touch US$4 trillion in annual spend by 20223 – creating new opportunities for life sciences companies, medical device manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies and delivery service providers.
Digital health is emerging as a growth sector worldwide, garnering US$13 billion in investments over 2014 and 20154. Unsurprisingly, the adoption of technology-driven solutions is expected to increase, with growth markets looking at low cost and less resource-intensive options to bridge existing gaps.
Growth markets are now responsible for almost 60% of all low and medium technology manufacturing worldwide. Even more noteworthy is the speed at which these markets have grown their share in high-tech manufacturing – accounting for almost 50% of manufacturing value-add globally. The introduction of new production technologies and changing cost dynamics are further expected to influence global manufacturing competitiveness in the coming years.
Retail & consumer goods
Domestic consumption is one of the most important factors in keeping a growth market’s economy moving upward direc. This is driven by the expansion of the middle class, who have a higher propensity to pay for quality and value, therefore boosting opportunities across the sector. This is especially so for discretionary and aspirational products such as clothing, entertainment, leisure and automobiles. Up until 2010, 46% of the world’s middle class lived in growth markets, but by 2020, this will have increased to almost 70% and to nearly 80% by 20305.
Expanding access to financial services amongst households will be key to improving the availability of domestic growth capital in growth markets. This can be achieved through technological investments, which are key to improving reach and accessibility to financial services; alternative payments such as non-cash transactions; and the launch of non-traditional sector participants such as e-commerce companies and mobile operators.
Transport & communications
Connectivity is fundamental to growth in any country, but in many growth markets the scale and quality of connectivity infrastructure, across both transport and communication is below what is needed to facilitate and sustain high growth. This presents many opportunities to venture into areas such as improving road connectivity, increasing third-party logistics services, and in furthering mobile and Internet penetration in both urban and rural communities in maturing markets.
The report also discusses capabilities required to navigate through the complex business environment and institutional voids associated with growth markets. Companies will need to develop flexible business models which are more suitable for the local market while developing new capabilities based on operational efficiency, innovation and go-to-market excellence.
David Wijeratne, PwC’s Growth Markets Centre Leader, said, “As we enter 2017, it’s clear that growth markets are on the verge of a new era of leading global growth in which they are projected to enjoy almost two times the absolute growth in GDP as compared to developed markets by 2021, and account for 65% of global growth within the next five years. This will create significant opportunities for private sector players looking to create and deliver value to the billions of people expected to join the middle class in these markets.”
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1 International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook, October 2016.
2 Business Monitor International, 2016.
3 World Economic Forum, Health Systems Leapfrogging in Emerging Economies, January 2014.
4 StartUp Health Insights, Digital Health Funding Rankings, 2015, 2016
5 PwC and Switzerland Global Enterprise, Rising Middle Class – Global Outlook and Growth Potential, April 2015.